Homeless youth in Vancouver on cannabis

Published on July 30, 2020 by David Wylie

Dozens of young people who lived on the streets of Vancouver were canvassed about their cannabis use in a new study.

The consensus among them is that in many ways weed is beneficial to their challenging lives.

Researchers interviewed 56 youth between 2017 and 2019 about their cannabis use. While most participants said they derived euphoric pleasure from weed, researchers noted no one in the study was using it solely for recreational purposes.

Many said cannabis relieved their longstanding mental and physical health issues–particularly, depression, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and chronic pain.

“Weed is very medicinal—it’s the best medication there is,” said Blake, 21. “It cures my hyperactivity. I also have scoliosis, and my back pain stops, too, when I use it.”

Blake isn’t alone. Many other participants had similar responses, including using cannabis to ditch alcohol and heroin.

“There was a period of time there when I was sober for about—almost five months. I still had cravings (for alcohol) but it wasn’t so bad because I was using pot to wean myself off of it.… Eventually I was able to maintain a job, I was able to move back with my dad. It’s much better, smoking pot, eating food, going to bed.”

— Carla

The study, titled “‘Something that actually works’: Cannabis use among young people in the context of street entrenchment,” was published this week on the science journal, PLoS ONE.
It was released amidst news that overdose deaths in Kelowna are running far ahead of last year’s pace.

Researchers say their work demonstrates that young people may use cannabis to reduce the harms caused by other forms of substance use and in order to transition away from more harmful forms of substance use.

There are between 35,000 and 45,000 young people who are living without a stable or safe residence in Canada. In Vancouver, a recent homeless count revealed that there are nearly 700 youth aged 13 to 24 living on the streets of Greater Vancouver.

The group of researchers include M-J Milloy, the Canopy Growth professor of cannabis science at the University of British Columbia.